Diatomaceous Earth (DE) is a naturally occurring, soft, sedimentary rock that is easily crumbled into a fine white powder and is the result of fossilized remains of microscopic shells created by one celled plants called diatoms. The typical chemical composition of DE is 80 to 90% silica, with 2 to 4% alumina (attributed mostly to clay minerals) and 0.5 to 2% iron oxide. The chemical element silicon is the second most abundant element of the earth’s crust (26%), oxygen is (49%). The chemical compound containing silicon that is present in all body tissue is silica (SiO2) also referenced as silicon dioxide and amorphous silica. Because Silicon is not found free in nature but occurs chiefly as silica, DE is the primary substance for supplement silica in the diet. Silicon is found in the connective tissues, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and blood vessels and it is thought that the mineral is essential for their integrity. Silicon is also required for healthy nails, skin and hair and for calcium absorption in the early stages of bone formation. Studies have shown that the amount of silicon in arteries starts to decline as atherosclerosis starts to develop. Silica is the Amorphous silica, also referenced as silicon dioxide and is the nutrient that provides the benefits to dogs by aiding digestion and helping to remove parasites and worms from your dogs body without the use of chemicals and when digested as a supplement it rapidly penetrates the intestinal wall and becomes distributed throughout the whole extra-cellular fluid.
Silica, in close cooperation with vitamin C, has the ability of holding moisture in tissues through compounds known as mucopolysaccharides. Also known as glycosaminoglycanes, these mucilaginous carbohydrates together with collagen and elastin make up our connective tissues. Silica is also vital for tooth structures. It is involved in the hardening of enamel, prevents bleeding gums and recession. Horsetail is among the riches plant sources of silicon in the form of monosilicic acid, which the body can readily use.