A Dog’s level of physical vitality directly correlates with their well-being, for this reason proper nutrition and care that supports a dog’s health is the foundation for the quality of their life. The VitaHound.com site provides a comprehensive library of information on raising healthy dogs. Understanding the best path to aiding the canine physiology is accomplished by understanding the basic biological operations that support a dog’s lifecycle.

Complex organisms, such as dogs require many systems for their life process. These life processes include digestion, respiration, circulation, excretion, motion, immunity, coordination, and synthesis. The function of these processes is performed by organs grouped into organ systems.

The simplest level of a dog’s organs is the cell, cells assemble to form tissue, tissues combine to form organs, and organs function in groups to perform biological functions. Groups of organs are referred to as organ systems and these systems function together to provide the physical function and structure of our beloved dogs.

Our research indicates the healthy function of a dog’s digestive system is the cornerstone of a dog’s well-being. The primary source affecting the condition of the cells, tissue, and organs in the dog’s body is thru their diet. For this reason VitaHound’s curriculum in dog health starts with canine nutrition and includes oxygen and water as a separate category


Organic Compounds Both Construct And Sustain Living Organism

There Are Four Categories:






CARBOHYDRATES
Simplex
Complex

LIPIDS
Fatty Acyls
Glycerolipids
Glycerophospholipids
Sphingolipids
Sterol Lipids
Prenol LipidsSaccharolipids
Polyketides

PROTEINS (major types)
Antibodies
Contractile
Enzymes
Hormonal
Structural
Storage
Transport

NUCLEIC ACIDS
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Ribonucleic Acid RNA


Carbohydrates – are compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with the general formula Cx(H2O)y. The three biological chemicals found in carbohydrates comprises three of the four most basic elements required by a dog’s body for life. Carbohydrates are one of the three types of food, protein and fats(lipids) are the others. Carbohydrates constitute three-quarters of the biological world and about 80% of the caloric intake of humans and dogs they include the diets sugars and starches. The most abundant carbohydrate is the non dietary substance cellulose, the principal constituent of trees and other plants; the major food carbohydrate is starch. Carbohydrates act as substances known as polymers, polymers are an important source of energy in cellular metabolism.

The principal nutrient derived from carbohydrates is glucose, glucose is one of three dietary monosaccharides and is commonly referred to as blood sugar. Blood glucose levels are maintained within a relatively narrow range through the action of various hormones, mainly insulin, which directs the flow of glucose into cells, similar hormones glucagon and epinephrine retrieve glucose from storage. The Glucose is metabolized by nearly all known organisms and is the source of energy for cellular respiration. A dog’s digestive system is responsible for converting glucose so it can be utilized by the body, the process occurs in the small intestine where polysaccharides are broken down into monosaccharides, dietary monosaccharides supply energy for various functions in the body. The glycemic index provides a relative value to appraise the rate of conversion of various ingredients in dog’s diet to glucose in the blood.

The liver is then responsible for further breaking down monosaccharide into glycogen which is stored by the body for later energy needs. A strong digestive process is essential for a dog’s health, this vital process creates the organic chemical compounds used by cells, tissue and organs to function properly. The means by which the dog’s body derives energy and synthesizes the other molecules it needs is the process of metabolism. Metabolism includes fats, carbohydrates and proteins (foods we feed our dogs) and produces the chemicals required for various functions in the dog’s body at the cellular level.

It is imperative to include a quality supplement in your dog’s daily feeding that contains high quality nutrients that support a dog’s metabolism, the promotion of healthy nutrient assimilation is step one in bolstering your canines ability to prevent disease and improve the health of their various organ systems. A dog’s blood serum chemistry profile provides the necessary information to evaluate a dog’s current physical state pertaining to metabolism.

A dog’s oral health is the second aspect of the canine digestive system that determines a dog’s lifelong level of health. Modern oral hygiene care for dogs reduces the conditions that lead to unhealthy teeth and gums and may cause chronic disease that afflict dogs in their senior years.


VitaHound Key Points All non protein foods strain a dog’s digestive system, carbohydrates DO NOT produce an exceptional burden on a dog’s digestive system.

VitaHound Key Points Dogs thrive on nutrient diverse diets, their physiology has extended beyond their wolf predecessors primary protein need.

VitaHound Key Points Dogs lack the necessary digestive enzymes to effusively digest a complex diet. However the modern canine diet is extending our dog’s lifespan.

[ Lipids – fats (lipids) are highly digestible and the main source of stored energy for dogs. One gram of fat provides 2.4 times the energy of one gram of protein or carbohydrates. Fat is also essential for the proper absorption of vitamins A, D, E and K. Omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids are two groups of low-saturated fats that are known as essential fatty acids (EFA) and are crucial to maintaining a dog’s good health. Circulating fatty acids provide substrate for energy production, linoleic acid is a member of the omega-6 group and is considered to be the bodies primary metabolite. The other group of essential fatty acids is the omega-3 fatty acids, for example Alpha-linolenic acid. Fatty acids are the molecular building block of fats which effect the bodies inflammation control, GI support, and specific to dogs is healthy skin, coat and eyes. There are three omega-3 EFA’s dogs should have, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Dogs lack the ability to manufacture ALA and must get their required amount via their diets. ALA is vital to a dogs skin and coat health, tissue repair, immune system strength and reproduction function. Given the importance of a healthy coat and skin to a dogs vitality, it is essential that a dog supplements contain a ALA. A premium source of ALA is flax seed, additionally this substance is a high quality fiber.
Protiens – are composed of the elements carbon (C), oxygen (O), hydrogen (H), and nitrogen (n). They have a variety of uses in the body, including serving as a source of energy, as substrates (starter materials) for tissue growth and maintenance, and for certain biological functions, such as making structural proteins, transfer proteins, enzyme molecules, and hormone receptors. Proteins are also the major component in bone, muscle, and other tissues and fluids. Proteins are formed by the linking of different combinations of the twenty common amino acids found in food. Of these, ten are essential for the human in the synthesis of body proteins (eight are essential throughout a human’s life, whereas two become essential during periods of rapid growth, such as during infancy). Dog health originates at the cellular level, via metabolism and biochemical regulation of energy. These processes are the bases for life and involve catalytic proteins called enzymes.
Nucleic Acids – control cell repair and cell reproduction processes that are encoded within the structural make-up of nucleic acids. DNA strands are responsible for maintaining the cell’s genetic information, while RNA strands work to coordinate cell processes according to these genetic instructions. RNA molecules are also involved in manufacturing the proteins needed by the cell for normal function. In order to coordinate all of these processes, the RNA nucleic acids reside in the cytoplasm that surrounds the nucleus, while DNA strands are located in the nucleus of the cell. The ribosome is a complex particle that makes the thousands of proteins that are required for the structure and function of each living cell. Specifically, the ribosome translates the genetic code of nucleic acids known as messenger RNAs into chains of amino acids that make up proteins. The 30S ribosomal subunit recognizes messenger RNA and insures that the sequence of information in the RNA is correctly copied into a protein. The 50S subunit performs the chemical steps involved in linking together amino acids to form proteins. The 30S and 50S subunits work together to generate proteins in all living cells. Supplementing the diet with nutrients such as Bifidobacterium thermophilum which contain ribosome particles that are not destroyed in the intestinal tract but live and function as probiotics. The abundance of probiotic substances compete with pathogens in creating cells, this competition decreases the creation of cell that cause infections and viruses and increase antibody cells. This process is the bases of your dogs immune system.

Water & Oxygen – Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8. At standard temperature and pressure, two atoms of the element bind to form dioxygen, a colorless, odorless, tasteless diatomic gas with the formula O2. This substance is an important part of the atmosphere, and is necessary to sustain life. Oxygen constitutes most of the mass of living organisms, because water is their major constituent (for example, about two-thirds of a dog’s body mass[6]). Many major classes of organic molecules in living organisms, such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and fats, contain oxygen, as do the major inorganic compounds that are constituents of animal shells, teeth, and bone. For this reason water and oxygen are the two greatest influences on an animal’s physical health and vitality. The dog’s ability to operate at peak levels begins with supporting the various functions in the body involving water and oxygen.


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