Periodontal disease damages the structure of a dog’s periodontium. The periodontium attaches the teeth in a dogs mouth. The health and function of a dog’s teeth and gums are vital to the overall health canines. Periodontal disease gradually emits toxic substances into a dog’s system. The constant stress can be the catalyst for chronic disease and the unpleasant bad breath in dogs.

While humans reliance on the balance of various bacteria to be healthy is contained to the flora of the digestive system, a dog’s mouth is full of important bacteria. For this reason cleaning dog teeth is important to maintaining a healthy environment, since merely using antibiotics can kill necessary bacteria to the proper function of dog’s mouth. Problems start with the accumulation of plague, a colorless bacteria-laden film that coats the teeth. The bacteria travels easily from teeth to gums where they cause gingivitis, an inflammation characterized by reddened, swollen gums that bleed easily.

The most common symptom bad breath is so common most people believe a dogs breath naturally has a bad odor. Cleaning dog teeth removes plaque, however without regular teeth cleaning plaque will react with calcium found in saliva to form tarter. Tarter is a hard yellowish or brown stuff that sticks tightly to the teeth. Tarter also know as calculus, aggravates the gingivitis and promotes the formation of even more plague. The unhealthy condition of gingivitis leads to the disease periodontitis, a more severe inflammation that causes deepening of the pocket formed where the gum meet the tooth, receding gums (sometimes with root exposure), and varying degrees of bone loss and tooth loosening.

Advanced periodontal disease is unaffected cleaning dog teeth and requires expensive veterinarian care before extensive bone destruction occurs. Periodontal disease causes millions of bacteria that potentially can cause problems elsewhere in the dogs body. These destructive types of bacteria enter the dog’s bloodstream and travel throughout the a dog’s body. The bacteria lodge in other organs and cause microscopic localized infections, which often don’t lead to any apparent problems, but leave microscopic scars. If this continues, the resultant scarring can eventually affect the organ’s healthy function. Periodontal disease is linked to heart, kidney, and liver problems. Specific canine studies have documented direct relationships between the severity of poor oral health and cardiovascular diseases.

For this reason canine research still lacks in amount and sophistication, prevention is the most effective approach. Cleaning dog teeth daily is effect when a dog has healthy teeth and gums, gingivitis can be fixed by a simple but thorough cleaning from your veterinarian. Periodontitis must be treated with procedures such as mucogingival surgery to reach diseased tissue or remove excess gum tissue; subgingival curettage and root planning to remove plaque, tarter, and diseased tissue from the roots and surrounding tissue; local antibiotic therapy; and in advanced cases, specialized therapeutic measures to enhance tissue regeneration. These extensive treatments demonstrate the importance of preventing their necessity.

New naturopathic products using ingredients scientifically shown to break the bond between teeth and tarter, and also contains substances that interfere with future bonding. VitaHound has had excellent success with a product called PetzLife Oral Care .